High WHO/ISUP Grade and Unfavorable Architecture, Rather Than Typing of Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma, May Be Associated With Worse Prognosis

May 01, 2020 | Histopathology

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imageConflicting data have been published on the prognostic significance of histologic parameters in papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC). We conducted a comprehensive evaluation of clinical and histologic parameters in PRCC in nephrectomies and their impact on prognosis, with an emphasis on World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade, tumor architecture (solid, micropapillary, and hobnail), and PRCC type. A total of 185 PRCC cases were evaluated, 117 (63.2%) type 1, 45 (24.3%) type 2, and 11 (5.9%) mixed type 1 and type 2. Using WHO/ISUP grading criteria, PRCCs were graded as follows: 6 (3.2%) grade 1; 116 (62.7%) grade 2; 61 (33.0%) grade 3; and 2 (1.1%) grade 4. The solid architecture was present in 3 cases (1.6%) and comprised 10%, 10%, and 30% of the tumor area. Micropapillary architecture was present in 10 cases (5.4%), ranging from 5% to 30% of the tumor (mean=11%; median=10%). Hobnail architecture was seen in 9 cases (4.9%), with mean percentage of 23% (median=15%; range: 5% to 50%) involvement of tumor area.

Parameters associated with worse disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in the univariate analysis included WHO/ISUP grade, pathologic stage, tumor size, and solid, micropapillary, or hobnail architecture (P < 0.05). The pathologic stage and WHO/ISUP grade were significantly associated with both DFS and OS in stepwise multivariate Cox regression analysis (P < 0.05). In addition, micropapillary architecture and type 1 histology were linked wit... Want to read more? Visit the AJSP​ Blog.

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