Mesonephric-like Carcinoma of the Endometrium: A Subset of Endometrial Carcinoma With an Aggressive Behavior

April 28, 2020 | Histopathology

Reading time: 1-2 minutes

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Endometrial mesonephric-like carcinomas (MLCa) are uncommon with <50 reported cases thus far. Previous studies have characterized the histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of MLCa; however, there is limited information with respect to outcome. This single-institution study of 23 uterine MLCas characterizes the behavior of such a neoplasm. Uterine MLCas (2004-present) had review of histologic features, immunohistochemical results, molecular profile, and clinical information (stage, treatment, follow-up). The behavior of MLCa was compared with low-grade endometrioid carcinomas (ECas) and uterine serous carcinomas (USCs) treated at our institution from 2004 to present. All MLCas had a mixture of previously described architectural and cytologic features most notably ductal and/or tubular architecture (21/23), nuclei resembling those of papillary thyroid carcinoma (18/23), and at least focal intraluminal eosinophilic secretions (20/23). Immunoperoxidase studies facilitated diagnosis in 22 cases: CD10, 10/10; calretinin, 5/15; estrogen receptor (≥10% nuclei), 6/21; progesterone receptor, 1/15; GATA-3, 15/16; TTF-1, 11/16. Fourteen of 17 tested cases had a KRAS mutation (7 as the only alteration; 7 with additional mutations including PIK [n=5]; PTEN [n=2], CTNNB1 [n=1]).One case had mutations in PTEN, PIK, and CTNNB1 without KRAS; 2 cases had no detectable somatic mutation. Overall, 48% of patients presented with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage 3 or 4 disease with th... Read more at the AJSP Blog.

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