On the Regeneration of Fish Scales: Structure and Mechanical Behavior

May 08, 2020 | Biology

Lab.Equipment has you covered for your daily Bio industry news fix. Here is one that first appeared on Journal of Experimental Biology:

S. Ghods, S. Waddell, E. Weller, C. Renteria, H.-Y. Jiang, J. M. Janak, S. S. Mao, T. J. Linley, and D. Arola

Fish scales serve as a dermal armor that provides protection from physical injury. Due to a number of outstanding properties, fish scales are inspiring new concepts for layered engineered materials and next-generation flexible armors. While past efforts have primarily focused on the structure and mechanical behavior of ontogenetic scales, the structure-property relationships of regenerated scales have received limited attention. In the present study, common carp (Cyprinus carpio) acquired from the wild were held live in an aquatic laboratory at 10° and 20°C. Ontogenetic scales were extracted from the fish for analysis, as well as regenerated scales after approximately 1 year of development and growth. Their microstructure was characterized using microscopy and Raman spectroscopy, and the mechanical properties were evaluated in uniaxial tension to failure under hydrated conditions. The strength, strain to fracture and toughness of the regenerated scales were significantly lower than those of ontogenetic scales from the same fish, regardless of the water temperature. Scales that regenerated at 20°C exhibited significantly higher strength, strain to fracture and toughness than those regenerated at 10°C. The regenerated scales exhibited a highly mineralized outer layer, but no distinct limiting layer or external elasmodine; they also possessed a significantly lower number of plies in the basal layer than in the ontogenetic scales. The results suggest that a mineralized layer develops preferentially during scale regeneration with the topology needed for protection, prior to the development of other qualities... Want to read more? Read the entire article in the Journal of Experimental Biology Blog.

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