Primary Cutaneous CD4+ Small/Medium T-Cell Lymphoproliferative Disorders: A Clinical, Pathologic, and Molecular Study of 60 Cases Presenting With a Single Lesion: A Multicenter Study of the French Cutaneous Lymphoma Study Group

June 16, 2020 | Histopathology

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Primary cutaneous CD4+ small/medium T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (PCSMLPD) is a recently recognized entity in the 2017 World Health Organization (WHO) classification. It belongs to the T-follicular helper (TFH) lymphoproliferations. The clinical, pathologic, and molecular features of this localized disease are underresearched. We conducted a retrospective multicentric study of 60 patients with a PCSMLPD that presented as a single cutaneous lesion. Clinical, pathologic, and targeted molecular analyses were performed. PCSMLPD presented mostly as a nodule (45%), located on the head and neck area (50%) in adults (mean age: 59 y [43.3 to 75.2]). All patients had an indolent disease course, either at initial staging or during follow-up (mean: 16.6 mo [1.3 to 31.9]). Spontaneous regression was reported in 31.9% of cases. The infiltrates were most often nodular and/or diffuse, expanding in the whole dermis (78%, Pattern 1), rather than subepidermal band-like in the superficial dermis (22%, Pattern 2). Epidermotropism, folliculotropism, and capillary hyperplasia were common. The expression of TFH lineage markers was more extensive in lesions with Pattern 2, but a substantial B-cell infiltrate was seen in both types of lesions. A clonal rearrangement of the TCR genes was identified in 68% of cases. One sample of the 13 tested revealed a mutation in the DNMT3A gene among the 9 genes studied (TET2, DNMT3A, IDH2, RHOA, SETD2, PLCG1, STAT3, STAT5B, and CD28). PCSMLPD follows a benign clinical course and can spontaneously regress... View the whole article at the AJSP Blog.

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