Subarticular Inflammatory Pseudoabscesses: A Pathologic Study With Clinical Correlation

April 24, 2020 | Histopathology

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Sourced by Lab.Equipment from AJSP, here is an interesting Surgical Pathology industry article for you:

Abnormal accumulation of neutrophils in a subarticular bone usually raises the concern for osteomyelitis or septic arthritis, a disabling and potentially life-threatening medical condition. At the pathology department of a specialized orthopedic institute, we observed a distinct pattern of subarticular inflammation mimicking infection characterized by collections of neutrophils, macrophages, and fibrin in pseudocystic spaces of variable size and extent in the superficial subarticular bone not accompanied by granulation tissue or necrosis. We coined the term “inflammatory pseudoabscess” to describe these accumulations. From 1997-2015, we reported inflammatory pseudoabscesses in 157 primary arthroplasty/osteotomy specimens from 143 patients without penetrating trauma or hardware in the affected joint. The predominant gross and histologic features were those of destructive/inflammatory joint disease, including lymphoplasmacytic synovitis (95.3%), subchondral osseous chronic inflammation (80.3%), exudative synovitis (58.0%), synovial pannus (52.0%), and marginal erosions of articular cartilage and/or subarticular bone (43.3%). Clinical information was available in 137 (95.8%) patients, 107 (overall: 74.8%) of whom had preoperatively or postoperatively diagnosed inflammatory arthropathy, most commonly rheumatoid arthritis. The remaining 30 (overall: 21.0%) patients had no documented inflammatory disorders, but some had bilateral or multijoint arthropathy, hands/feet involvement, lymphoplasmacytic synovitis, ulcerative colit... You can find the complete article in the The American Journal of Surgical Pathology Blog.

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