Biallelic PTCH1 Inactivation Is a Dominant Genomic Change in Sporadic Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumors

May 15, 2020 | Histopathology

First appearing on AJSP, here is today's interesting article for your Pathology industry news fix:

Keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs) are locally aggressive odontogenic neoplasms with recurrence rates of up to 60%. Approximately 5% of KCOTs are associated with nevoid basal cell carcinoma (Gorlin) syndrome and 90% of these show genomic inactivation of the PTCH1 gene encoding Patched 1. Sporadic KCOTs reportedly have PTCH1 mutations in 30% of cases, but previous genomic analyses have been limited by low tumor DNA yield. The aim of this study was to identify recurrent genomic aberrations in sporadic KCOTs using a next-generation sequencing panel with complete exonic coverage of sonic hedgehog (SHH) pathway members PTCH1, SMO, SUFU, GLI1, and GLI2. Included were 44 sporadic KCOTs from 23 female and 21 male patients with a median age of 50 years (range, 10 to 82 y) and located in the mandible (N=33) or maxilla (N=11). Sequencing identified PTCH1 inactivating mutations in 41/44 (93%) cases, with biallelic inactivation in 35 (80%) cases; 9q copy neutral loss of heterozygosity targeting the PTCH1 locus was identified in 15 (34%) cases. No genomic aberrations were identified in other sequenced SHH pathway members. In summary, we demonstrate PTCH1 inactivating mutations in 93% of sporadic KCOTs, indicating that SHH pathway alterations are a near-universal event in these benign but locally aggressive neoplasms. The high frequency of complete PTCH1 loss of function may provide a rational target for SHH pathway inhibitors to be explored in future studies... View the complete article at The American Journal of Surgical Pathology Blog.

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