CK20 Versus AMACR and p53 Immunostains in Evaluation of Urothelial Carcinoma in Situ and Reactive Atypia

June 04, 2020 | Histopathology

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Ancillary testing with immunohistochemistry has shown recent promise in the workup of equivocal bladder lesions. We read with interest the recent findings of Alston et al., who assessed the diagnostic utility of alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) in comparison to cytokeratin 20 (CK20) in evaluation of atypia in challenging flat urothelial lesions in the differential between carcinoma in situ (CIS) and reactive atypia. AMACR was reported to be a somewhat more specific but less sensitive marker for CIS than CK20, though showing weaker intensity. Spurred by their report, with the knowledge that we had consistently and consecutively performed AMACR, CK20, and p53 on flat urothelial lesions challenging enough to reach intradepartmental consensus, we performed a retrospective review. Similarly, we found that AMACR was less sensitive (80%) and more specific (100%) than CK20, with the same caveat of less staining intensity... View the entire article at the Diagnostic Pathology Blog.

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